The word ‘piano’ is a shortened form of pianoforte (PF) (the Italian word for the instrument).
The piano has over 12,000 parts, 10,000 of which are moving. It is an enormous number of small pieces that need to work perfectly to get the sound that you want out of the instrument.
The strings are made out of steel and produce their sound when struck by tiny hammers inside the piano. Each string usually holds about 170 pounds of tension. This is one of the reasons why piano tuning is a job for a specialist!
The range of the piano goes from the lowest note you can play on a double-bassoon to the highest note you can play on a piccolo. That is an entire orchestral range in one instrument!
… the piano is actually a relatively new instrument! The first piano constructed was made in 1698 by Bartolomeo Cristofori in Italy.
… that during the past 100 years, there have been about 5,000 different piano brands?
… that since the 1950s, piano keys are no longer made from ebony and ivory but plastics?
… that a piano usually has 230 strings and can produce 88 different notes?
Andrew G. Bone
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